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中国四大茶道之雅士茶道

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中国四大茶道之雅士茶道

发布日期:2017-02-09 作者: 点击:

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WENHUABEIJINGBUTONGBIANXINGCHENGZHONGGUOSIDACHADAOLIUPAI。GUIZUCHADAOLAIYUANFAYU"CHAZHIPIN",ZHIZAIKUASHIFUGUI;YASHICHADAOLAIYUANYU"CHAZHIYUN",ZHIZAIYISHUXINSHANG;SHANZONGCHADAOLAIYUANYU"CHAZHIDE",ZHIZAICANSHANWUDAO;SHISUCHADAOLAIYUANYU"CHAZHIWEI",ZHIZAIXIANGLERENSHENG。

古代的"士"如果有机会得到名茶,有条件品茗,也就是他们最先开始培养起对茶的精细感觉;茶助文思,又最先体会出茶之神韵。是他们雅化茶事并创立了雅士茶道。受到影响后陆续形成茶道各流派。从此中国古代的士和茶留下不解之缘,可以说没有古代的士便无中国茶道。重庆茶艺培训班365竞彩将秉承这一理念继续将雅士茶道推崇下去。 

365竞彩CICHUSUOSHUODE"SHI"SHIYIJIUSHIDESHI,JIYIMOUQUGONGMINGLAODEYIGUANBANZHIZHE,HUOGUANHUOLI。ZUIDIYESHIGENAYIFENGONGZIDEXUECHA,ERBUSHIZHIFANJINYILEIZHONGJUJIUHUANSHENJINGBINGDEFURU,YANJIANSHENGYILEIWEIDUOLEYIGENDENGCAOERYANBUXIAZUIHOUYIKOUQIDEYONGRU,NEIXIEDUSHIHAOXUEDANYOUNANGKONGRUXIDEHANSHIYIBUZAICIZHILIE。 

ZHONGGUODE"SHI"JIUSHIZHISHIFENZI,SHIZAIZHONGGUOYAOYOUSUOZUOWEIJIUDE"RUSHI"。RONGDENGJINBANGZECHENGLONGCHENGFENG,MINGLUOSUNSHANZERUTONGCAOJIE。DANGRANBUYIDINGGEGEDANGJINSHIJUREN,JIGE"DISHIJI"、"XIANTUANJI"GUANERZUOZUO,ZUIQIMADETIAOJIANSHIXIANDEWENBAO,FANGNENGYINSHIZUOFUBINGCANWUCHADAO。ZHEIBIANSHIZHONGGUOFENGJIANSHIDAIDETEDIAN。 

中国文人嗜茶沓在魏晋之前不多,诗文中涉及茶事的汉有司马相如,晋有张载、左思、郭噗、张华、杜育,南北朝有鲍令晖、刘孝绰、陶弘景等,人数寥寥,且懂品饮者只三、五人而已。但唐以后凡著名文人不嗜茶者几乎没有,不仅品饮,还咏之以诗。唐代写茶诗最多的是白居易、皮日休、杜牧,还有李白、杜甫,陆羽、卢金、孟浩然:刘禹锡、陆龟蒙等;宋代写条诗最多的是梅尧臣、苏城、陆游,还有欧阳修、蔡襄、苏辙、黄庭坚、秦观、杨万里、范成大等。原因是魏晋之前文人多以酒为友,如魏晋名士"竹林七贤",一个中山涛有八斗之量,刘伶更是拼命喝酒,"常乘一鹿车,携酒一壶,使人荷铺随之,云:死便掘地以理"。唐以后知识界颇不赞同魏晋的所谓名土风度,一改"狂放啸傲、栖隐山林、向道慕仙"的文人作风,人人有"入世"之想,希望一展所学、留名干秋。文人作风变得冷静、务实,以茶代酒便蔚为时尚。这一转变有其深刻的社会原因和文化背景,是历史的发展把中国的文人推到这样的位置:担任茶道的主角。重庆茶艺培训365竞彩班将秉承这一理念继续将雅士茶道推崇下去。 

ZHONGGUOWENRENPONENGSHENGRENZHEIYIJIAOSE:YIZE,TAMENDUOYOUYIGUANBANZHI,TEBIESHIZAICHAQURENZHIDEZHOUFUHEXIANLIANGJIDEGUANHELIYUANJINSHUILOUTAIXIANDEYUE,YINZHIWUZHIBIANKEDAPINMINGCHA。GONGCHAYIHUANGDIWEIXIAN,SHISHISHANGTAMENBIHUANGDIHAIYAO"XIANCHANGWEIKUAI";ERZE,ZAIPINMINGZHONGPEIYANGLEDUICHADEJINGXIGANJUE,TAMENDADUOSHIPINCHAZHUANJIA,JIRAN"QIONGCHUNQIU,YANHETU,BURUZAIMINGYICHE",CHAZHONGZIYOU"HUANGJINWU ",CHAZHONGZIYOU"YANRUYU",DANGNIANWEIGONGMINGTOUXUANLIANG、ZHUICIGUDESHUSHENGMENERJINQUANSHENXINTOURUCHASHIZHONG,SUOYI,TAMENBIBIERENGENGTONGXIAOCHAYI,BINGZAISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANGAIJINCHAYI,ZHUZHIYIWENCHUANBOCHAYI;SANZE,CHAZHUWENSI,YOUYIYUYINSHIZUOFU。LIBAIKEYI"DOUJIUSHIBAIPIAN",YIBANRENZUOBUDAO,HEDEKUDINGDAZUI,TOUNAOFAZHANG,SHOUNANWOBIHEYINENGSHI?DANCAIQUELINGRENSIYONGSHENSHUANG,BIXIASHENGHUA。


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